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Ways of Reading

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American Renaissance X
A toolkit of features to discover when close reading literary texts.
http://amrenx.dartmouthx.org
Ways of
READING
RHETORICAL FEATURES
AUDIENCE
Who is being addressed? What assumptions does the text make about the reader?
PRONOUN USE
NARRATION
Does the text position itself through the comportment of the author (ethos), an intended emotional response (pathos), or with a logical argument (logos)?  
What are the important organizational features? How does the text introduce and conclude itself?
What pronouns are used? How do these gesture toward the author or the reader?
What characterizes the narrative voice? Is it written the first or third person? Retrospective or in the present?
ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
RHETORICAL STRATEGY
TEXTUAL FEATURES
DICTION
CONNOTATION/ DENOTATION
REPETITION
Why were these specific words were selected and not others?
SIMILARITIES
CONTRADICTION OR BINARIES
What the implications or assumptions of the connotative meaning of specific words?
What words, phrases, or images, repeat?
Are there similarities of words or phrases within the text? What are the meaning differences of these similarities?
What oppositional pairings of words or phrases do you see in the text?
LITERARY FEATURES
GENRE
METAPHORS
ALLUSIONS
Can you identify the genre of the text? Does it participate in multiple genres?
FIGURATIVE TROPES
RHYTHM
Do you see a juxtaposition of two independent ideas or objects used to show similarities between both?
Are there possible references to other texts, people, stories, or myths not explicitly represented within the text?
Are there examples of metonymy, synecdoche, irony, alliteration, litotes, hyperbole, or personification?
Does the text produce any sort of rhythm through the repetition of the same or similar sounds?