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England Report Card 2016_Sedentary Behaviour

published by AHKE16

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Sedentary Behaviour
Benchmark:
INC
% of children/youth meeting government recommended guidelines for sedentary behaviour
A: 81%-100%      B: 61%-80%      C: 41%-60%   D: 21%-40%      F: 0%-20%      INC: Incomplete
Current sedentary behaviour guidelines issued in England: 5-18 year olds should minimise the amount of time spent being sedentary for extended periods [1]
As these guidelines do not provide a specific time limit, there is no threshold that can be used to grade this indicator
Therefore, an incomplete grade has been awarded again
The grades: 2014: INC 2016: INC
Guidelines issued in Canada and the USA state that: Children should not be engaging in recreational screen-based sedentary pursuits for more than 2 hours per day [2, 3] Thus, it is likely that the grade for England would be poor if similar guidelines were issued in future given the data shown below
INTERNATIONAL GUIDELINES
Ownership of their own Tablet
Use of a Tablet
SCREEN-BASED BEHAVIOURS
Percentage of 12-15s with a social media profile who use the following social media websites [6]:
Despite the incomplete grade, there are lots of data available on children and young people's participation in screen-based pursuits and ownership of screen-based technologies
More children have internet access at home than they did in 2005 [6]:
62% of young people watch TV or other screen based media (e.g. YouTube or DVD) for 2 or more hours/day during the week [4]
47% play computer games daily for 2+ hours on weekdays [4]
Among 11 year olds, 72% have their own mobile phone [5]
59% use a computer or electronic device (e.g. tablet) for at least 2 hours/day [4]
The use and ownership of a Tablet computer has increased over the space of a year among 5-15 year olds [6]:
12-15 year olds
2005
8-11 year olds
91%
2015
61%
67%
96%
Julia Lipatova/Shutterstock.com
References: [1] Department of Health. Start active, stay active: A report on physical activity for health from the four home countries' Chief Medical Officers. London, UK: Department of Health, 2011. [2] Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology. 24-hour movement guidelines for children and youth. www.csep.ca/en/guidelines/24-hour-movement-guidelines [3] Expert Panel on Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents: Summary Report. Pediatrics 2011;128(Suppl 5):S213-56. [4] Brooks F, Magnusson J, Klemera E, et al. HBSC England National Report 2014. Hatfield, UK: University of Hertfordshire, 2015. [5] Platt L. Millennium Cohort Study: Initial findings from the age 11 survey. London, UK: Centre for Longitudinal Studies, 2014. [6] Ofcom. Children and parents: Media use and attitudes report. 2015. http://stakeholders.ofcom.org.uk/binaries/research/media-literacy/children-parents-nov-15/childrens_parents_nov2015.pdf [7] Sandercock GRH, Ogunleye A, Voss C. Screen time and physical activity in youth: thief of time or lifestyle choice? J Phys Act Health 2012;9:977-84.
Given the increased availability of multiple devices we need to monitor how often children are using such technology, and the impact it has on their health. It is no longer sufficient to assess TV viewing alone. Data on other non-screen based sedentary pursuits (e.g. homework, reading, listening to music etc.) are also required. This is important given that children who engage in high amounts of screen time may be more sedentary in general.[7]