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England 2016_Family

published by AHKE16

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Family & peers
2014: INC
2016: INC
Due to insufficient nationally representative data, this indicator was graded as Incomplete overall for a second time. Four benchmarks were assessed in total to measure this indicator. The grades awarded to each benchmark and why are described below.
A: 81%-100%      B: 61%-80%      C: 41%-60%      D: 21%-40%      F: 0%-20%      INC: Incomplete
Benchmarks
Family physical activity:
Parent support:
Peer support:
30%
33%
52%
INC
INC
D
% of children who do sport or physical activity with their family
% of parents who support their children's physical activity/sport (e.g. transport, paying fees etc.)
% of children who support their friends to be physically active and vice versa
72% of parents would like more time to play with their children, with many (52%) reporting that work and other commitments get in the way of supporting their children’s playtime [6]
Parents tend to overestimate their children’s physical activity participation, particularly those with daughters, and many associate their child’s physical activity level with their weight.[7, 8]
Strategies which aim to overcome barriers reported by parents are warranted, and interventions which encourage parents to be physically active with their children may prove effective.
This highlights the need for increased awareness regarding the guidelines and what constitutes as being sufficiently active, including the importance of physical activity besides weight management.[8]
Nationally representative data on both parent and peer support for children's physical activity in England are required.
Children tend to report being in friendship groups with others who engage in similar amounts of physical activity.[9]
Interventions which utilise verbal encouragement, modelling of behaviour and co-participation strategies within friendship groups are needed.[10]
of young people do physical activity with their family at least once a week.[3]
with parents
with siblings
% of parents engaged in their child's extra-curricular physical activity and school sport [2015 YST; unpublished custom analysis]
But what is meant by 'engaged'? No other nationally representative data are available. Thus, an INC grade was awarded.
Sport participation in the last week among 11-15 year olds  [4]:
of 11-15s reported playing sport with their friends in the last week [4]
These data do not provide sufficient information on peer support. As such, another INC grade was awarded.
46%
of children have fun with friends outside school every day [5]
This may not involve physical activity.
Parental physical activity levels:
% of parents meeting physical activity guidelines for adults
This benchmark was applied in the 2014 Report Card, and data from the HSE (2008) were available.[1] Although the 2012 survey shows how many adults are meeting guidelines, it is not specified how many of the sample are parents.[2] As a result, this benchmark could not be graded.
INC
References [1] Craig R, Mindell J, Hirani V. Health Survey for England 2008. Volume 1: Physical Activity and Fitness. Leeds, UK: The Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2009. [2] Craig R, Mindell J. Health Survey for England 2012. Volume 1: Health, Social Care and Lifestyles. Leeds, UK: The Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2013. [3] Brooks F, Magnusson J, Klemera E, et al. HBSC England National Report 2014. Hatfield, UK: University of Hertfordshire, 2015. [4] Department for Culture Media and Sport. This Cultural and Sporting Life: The Taking Part 2010/11 Adult and Child Report. London, UK: DCMS, 2011. [5] The Children's Society. The Good Childhood Report 2015. London: The Children's Society, 2015. [6] Playday. Playday 2009 Opinion Poll Summary. Play England, 2009. http://www.playday.org.uk/campaigns-3/previous-campaigns/2009-make-time/2009-reseach/ [7] Corder K, van Sluijs EMF, McMinn AM, et al. Perception versus reality. Awareness of physical activity levels of British children. Am J Prev Med 2010;38:1-8. [8] Bentley GF, Goodred JK, Jago R, et al. Parents' views on child physical activity and their implications for physical activity parenting interventions: a qualitative study. BMC pediatrics 2012;12:180. [9] Macdonald-Wallis K, Jago R, Page AS, et al. School-based friendship networks and children's physical activity: a spatial analytical approach. Soc Sci Med 2011;73:6-12. [10] Jago R, Brockman R, Fox KR, et al. Friendship groups and physical activity: qualitative findings on how physical activity is initiated and maintained among 10-11 year old children. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2009;6:4. Abbreviations: HSE, Health Survey for England; YST, Youth Sport Trust
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