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Municipal Elections 2016

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AUGUST
3
MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS
The 2016 South African municipal elections will be held on August 3, 2016 for all districts and local municipalities in all 9 provinces.
2016
HOW DO THEY WORK?
5
The Municipal Elections are held every
years
to elect councillors who will be responsible for governing a municipality for the next five years
2011
2006
2000
1995/96
Municipal Councils provide services that impact the daily lives of citizens in their areas, including water, electricity and sanitation.
Local government is made up of municipalities which are run by councils
METROPOLITAN
LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES
DISTRICT MUNICIPALITIES
What are the different types of election systems?
Municipalities are governed by Municipal Councils. Metropolitan and local municipalities are elected using proportional representation (PR). District municipalities are partly elected by PR and partly by councils of the local municipalities.  
How does local government work?
Metropolitan and local council municipalities are divided into wards. Each ward is represented in the council by a ward councillor.
Proportional representation (PR)
First past post
big cities
coordinate local municipalities
towns & rural areas
Vote for a party
Party assigns seats
Seats allocated proportional to party support
Vote for a person
Candidates belong to a party or run as independents
Used in municipal elections for ward councillors
Vote for a party (PR) to elect 50% of councillors
Vote for ward candidates to make up rest of council
Mixed system
South Africa has adopted the mixed system.
Parties have to submit:
1 list for party's ward councillors
1 list for PR portion (50%) of Local Council
1 list for 40% of District Council seats
*not necessarily in alphabetical order on the ballot paper
What does a ballot paper look like?
X
PLACE YOUR "X" (VOTE) IN THE 3RD BOX
EFF
DA
ECONOMIC FREEDOM FIGHTERS
DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE
ANC
AFRICAN NATIONAL CONGRESS
METROPOLITAN COUNCIL PARTY VOTE
CITY OF CAPE TOWN
LOCAL GOVERNMENT ELECTIONS 2016
How does the voting process work?
Counting & allocation of
Local Council
ballots per voter
1. One PR ballot (vote for party) for municipality to elect 50% of councillors
2. One ward ballot (for party or independent candidate) for ward councillor
3. One PR ballot (vote for party) to elect 40% of representation on the District Council
3
Metro Council
ballots per voter
1. One PR ballot (vote for party) for municipality to elect 50% of councillors
2. One ward ballot (for party or independent candidate) for ward councillor
2
seats
1. Quota is used to determine
number of seats
total
won by each party in the council
2. Ward seats won
by each party are then
from this total
DEDUCTED
The remaining seats for each party
3.
are then allocated as                
PR
seats
SOURCES
Independent Electoral Commission
South African Broadcasting Corporation