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Human Sexuality

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Human Sexuality
Nature
What do we know about sexual behavior and sexuality?
Nurture
A word with many meanings
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physical Process
Physiological and Psychological
Anatomical Gender
Anotamical distinctions
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Male
Intersex
Female
Anatomical distinctions
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Intersex
a general term used for a variety of conditions in which a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn't seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male.
Anatomical distinctions
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Anatomical distinctions of gender are not the same as Gender Identity.
Gender Identity is an individual sense of identity which can be diverse, fluid and is regardless of physical anatomy.
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Small, but important differences...
Genetically speaking anatomical men and anatomical women are about 98.7% similar with the only real difference occurring in the final XX vs. XY chromosome.
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
There are important differences...
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Small, but important differences...
Physical and mental illnesses can vary in some important ways between men and women, either in rates or experiences.
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Small, but important differences...
Women are roughly 2.5x more likely to develop Rheumatoid Arthritis. Autism Spectrum Disorder affects men at roughly 4x the rate of women. Lupus affects women at roughly 6x the rate of men.
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Small, but important differences...
Women are 2x more likely to experience lifelong prevalence of major depressive episodes. Men are nearly 2.5x more likely to suffer from lifelong alcohol dependance.
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Small, but important differences...
Differences in rates of disorders are only one dimension of the role played by gender in physical and mental illness.
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
There are important differences...
Why is anatomical gender important?
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Anatomical Gender
Small, but important differences...
While the population prevalence rates of bipolar disorder and Schizophrenia appear not to differ, gender differences occur in the course of the illnesses. Women are more likely to develop the rapid cycling form of the illness,
Why is anatomical gender important?
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Hormones
A chemical messenger which originates in the endocrine system, travels through the bloodstream, and regulates how we feel
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Estrogen
Hormones, such as estradiol, are found in greater amounts in females and contribute to female anatomical sex characteristics.  
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Testosterone
All humans have testosterone, but men have it greater quantity. It is the hormones that stimulates anatomical male sex organs in the fetus, male sex characteristics during puberty.  
The Kinsey Scale
HISTORY OF RESEARCH
Alfred Kinsey
One of the first western scientists to conduct research on human sexual behavior.
The Kinsey Scale established a spectrum of sexuality based on behavior. His findings remain somewhat controversial today.
The Kinsey Scale
HISTORY OF RESEARCH
Alfred Kinsey
One of the first western scientists to conduct research on human sexual behavior.
The Kinsey Scale established a spectrum of sexuality based on behavior. His research established the diversity of human sexual behavior, and as with many early researchers, his findings remain somewhat controversial today.
Established two things...
HISTORY OF RESEARCH
Alfred Kinsey
One of the first western scientists to conduct research on human sexual behavior.
1. He established a scientific approach to understanding human sexuality.
2. He demonstrated that popular perceptions of what people do and don't do, versus what people actually do and feel is very different.
Masters and Johnson
HISTORY OF RESEARCH
William Masters and Virginia Johnson
Masters and Johnson conducted research to discover the various response cycles the human body goes through during the physical process of sex.
Excitement Plateau Orgasm Resolution
Masters and Johnson
HISTORY OF RESEARCH
William Masters and Virginia Johnson
Masters and Johnson conducted research to discover the various response cycles the human body goes through during the physical process of sex.
While their research is certainly helpful, it's been widely criticized for it's failure to capture the importance of other external factors (Culture attitudes, psychological health, etc.)
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Social and Cultural Influences.
Your family, societal and religious views tend to play a critical role in sexual behavior.
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
External Stimuli
What are you being exposed to within your day to day experiences.
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Internal Stimuli
We all have different degrees of imagination, memories and fantasies that influence our sexual behavior.
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Sexual Orientation
An enduring physical and romantic attraction to the same or opposite sex, or both.
Physiological and psychological
For such a small word, sex carries with is a lot of meanings and connotations and truly dominates our society
Physiological and Psychological
Asexuality
Non-sexuality. A lack of or subdued sexual impulse.
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Human Sexuality
The science is still out on the question of what determines sexual orientation (nature vs. nurture). Recent studies on twins who exhibit different sexual behavior has profoundly complicated the question. It would seem that neither biological or social explanations are enough, on their own.