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Passive Voice

published by Flor Araya

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Passive Voice  
Simple Past
was/were + 3rd column 
Past Continuous
was/were + being + 3rd column
Present Perfect
has/have + been + 3rd column
Present Continuous
is/are + being + 3rd column
Present Simple
is/are + 3rd column
Will
will + be + 3rd column
- She ate a sandwich.  - A sandwich was eaten by her 
- They were eating a sandwich. - A sandwich was being eaten by them 
- He's been eating the same sandwich for hours.  - The same sandwich has been eaten by him. 
- I will eat the sandwich. - The sandwich will be eaten by me. 
- I always eat a sandwich. - A sandwich is always eaten by me. 
- She is eating a sandwich. - A sandwich is being eaten by her.
BEEN   ≠   BEING
perfect             continuous
Going to
going to + be + 3rd column
When do we use Passive Voice?
- when the focus is on the action. - when the actor/doer is unknown or irrelevant 
Modals
modal + be + simple past
Past Perfect
had + been + 3rd column
- He can eat the sandwch. - The sandwich can be eaten by him. 
- I had already eaten the sandwich. - The sandwich had already been eaten by me. 
- They are going to eat the sandwich. - The sandwich is going to be eaten by them.