The Flu

published by Eden Stewart

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Why Bother?
This year's flu won't be a walk in the park. Experts are expecting to see some of the more extreme strains. These including H1N1 which there was a outbreak of in April of 2009, and H3N2. This year's vaccine has been designed to protect these two "A" stream influenzas and one "B" stream influenza.  "A" and "B" streams cause most cases of the flu.  This flu will not be fun.

Why should you get a flu shot every year? Every year the strain (type) of flu is different. Scientists spend the whole previous year coming up with a vaccine for the next flu season. Your previous flu shot might protect against part of the new flu, but it is also wearing off leaving your immune system vulnerable to infection. You should start getting the shot as early as 6 months old.
The Flu in 2017
The Annual Flu Shot
What is The Flu?
The influenza (flu, for short) is a respiratory illness.  The flu is caused by a virus which means it cannot be treated using antibiotics.  The flu can last anywhere from one to two weeks.  However in some cases, contracting the flu can lead to death.  This is seen primarily among young children, seniors, and people with weak immune systems but it can happen to anyone.  The first real cases of the flu were seen in 1918 just as WW1 ended.  Soldiers brought back the "Spanish" influenza to their home countries.  This killed thousands of Canadians.   This pandemic is one of Canada's two "Forgotten Pandemics" along with polio. This strain of the flu has never resurfaced
All health care and assisted living workers should and must receive there annual flu shot as they are working in places with a vulnerable poplulation where it can spread like wildfire

How do Viruses and
 AntiVirals Work?
When a flu virus enters your body it latches onto a cell with little fibers.  The virus then inserts a small strand of RNA into the host cells DNA that tells it to make more viruses.  After a while the cell gets so full of viruses it explodes and sends out more viruses that repeat the process.

Antivirals work by binding to the virus and preventing the infectious part of the virus from being released
Here are some tell tale signs of the flu:
Symptoms of The Flu
Headache and lathargey
A heavy fever and chills
Muscle and body aches
Itchy, sore throat and cough
How To Prevent The Flu From Spreading
To You And Others.  

NHS Choices, NHS,, Carmen. “7 Steps to Surviving the Cold and Flu Season without Getting Sick.” Global News, 19 Nov. 2016,

Chai, Carmen. “What Happens to Your Body When You Get the Flu, Step by Step.” Global News, 28 Nov. 2016,

“Influenza (Flu).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 30 Oct. 2017,

“Influenza (Flu).” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 23 May 2016,

Bowers, Elizabeth Shimer. “How Flu Antiviral Medications Work.”, Everyday Health, 26 Nov. 2013,

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Stuffy and runny nose
It is important to not become a carrier of the flu.  Not only do you get sick, but you can spread the flu to other people who are more susceptible to the flu like your little sister or your uncle who's immune system is too weak to get a flu shot, or even your grandmother.  The best way to prevent starting an epidemic at school or work is to take the following precautions to protect you and everyone else this flu season.  

Written By:  
Eden Stewart
1. It's been said before and it will be said again: GET YOUR FLU SHOT.
2. Wash your hands regularly with soap and warm water
3. Disinfect surfaces such as keyboards and doorknobs regularly to kill germs
4. Cover your face when you sneeze or cough (preferably not with your hands).
5. Discard used tissues as soon as possible
6. If you are concerned you can also speak to your doctor or health care expert        about antiviral medication.