2018 CSR

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Critiques and encouragements are necessary in the field of music, but how are these delivered, and are they effective once delivered? This is why I chose to study a choir group’s practices—to see the corrections delivery process and their effectiveness on the pupils once delivered.
Corrections and Encouragements Delivered in Subtle Ways to Musicians
Yassmin Baires || Undergraduate Student, Sociology
This study aims to identify the preparedness of college freshmen, specifically in the area of English grammar. This research team hopes to improve participants' English grammar skills by providing a series of grammar mini-lessons. The research group will conduct statistical analyses of the results.
Addressing Under-Preparedness in English Grammar: A Study of College Freshmen
Chelsie BalliKatherine Harper, Monica Ma, Shelley Weiseth || Graduate Students, Curriculum, Instruction and Publication
Dr. Christie Curtis || Faculty & Graduate Chair, School of Education
Organisms often produce small amounts of compounds known as secondary metabolites. Two such classes of molecules will be presented: the unnatural amino acids Axiphenylalaninium, Axityrosinium, and Polyaxibetaine as well as the Swerilactones. The work will center around the synthetic strategy, the results of the synthesis (including spectroscopic data), and plans for future work.
Synthetic Studies Towards the Modified Amino Acids Axiphenylalaninium, Axityrosinium, and Polyaxibetaine AND Progress Towards the Total Synthesis of Swerilactones E and F
Dr. Jonah Chang || Faculty, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering
Benjamin G. Young, Hunter S. Denny || Undergraduate Students, Chemistry
Ethan A. Bernstein, Hannah R. Panlilio, Marjorie M. Dingle, Jason T. Yarter, Alexis K. Yates || Undergraduate Students, Biochemistry 
The bench press is a universally recognized measure of upper body strength. A method known as “leg-drive” was produced from competitive powerlifters who suggest that driving the legs while lifting will allow for more weight to be pressed. The purpose of this study was to determine if muscle activity of upper extremity muscles differed depending on the involvement of the legs during a bench press. When comparing a standard bench press exercise to leg-drive, our results indicate that similar amounts of muscle activation are required for the task regardless of the leg involvement. Thus, from a muscle activity standpoint, this work indicates that using leg-drive does not reduce the demand placed on the central nervous system and thus does not result in a change in muscle activation compared to a standard bench press exercise.
The Effects of Leg-Drive on Upper Extremity Muscle Activation During a Bench Press Exercise
Justin Chia || Undergraduate Student, Biological Science
Dr. Jake Gardner || Faculty, Kinesiology and Health Science
Kelsey Miller, M.S. || Instructor, Kinesiology and Health Science
Dr. Wilson developed and patented (in process) a baseball statistic for pitchers called QOPA.. 1. Can a pitcher's handedness clarify insight into QOP? 2. Can the QOPA of a team help predict likelihood of victory?
Sabermetric Research through RAMP
Jeremiah Chuang || Undergraduate Student, Mathematics and Music
Dr. Jason Wilson || Faculty, Mathematics
Access to healthy foods and fresh produce, differs between high- and low-income neighborhoods in Pomona and New York (Algert et al. 2006). Random global coordinates will be generated, using R-Studio, in 8 different cities, 4 high and 4 low-income neighborhoods, in Los Angeles County. We predict that there will be a statistical significant difference between the average distances of convenience and grocery stores depending on the neighborhoods’ income. 
Distances of Grocery and Convenience Stores in Low- and High-Income Cities: Limiting Factor to Access Healthy Foods.
Angel Cuerpo || Undergraduate Student, Biological Science
Jason T. Yarter, Bryan Queme || Undergraduate Students, Biochemistry 
Dr. Jason Wilson || Faculty, Mathematics
The goal of this study was to determine whether there was a positive correlation between religious commitment and self-esteem, and whether religious commitment moderates the relationship between social media use and self-esteem in a Christian population. The results indicated that there was no significant correlation between religious commitment and social media use, and that there was no correlation between social media use and self-esteem. These findings contradict with past research (Sapountzi-Krepia, 2014; Allen & Wang, 2014). This study’s broad impact is to help lay the foundation for further examining the relationship of self-esteem, religious commitment, and social media use in a Christian population. 
The Influence of Social Media with Self-Esteem and Religious Commitment
Alexander Demian || Undergraduate Student, Psychology
Daily subcutaneous administration of anticoagulants heparin or Lovenox is a common part of the treatment regime for many hospitalized patients as a prophylaxis for deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Injection site bruising, pain, and hematoma commonly result from local tissue damage that occurs during daily injections. Literature supports that reducing bruising improves patient care by decreasing patient anxiety and disruption of body image, while improving patient compliance with the administration of heparin and Lovenox (Avsar & Kasikci, 2013). This study provides new evidence for advancing clinical practice, improving the current standard of care, and contributing to evidence based practice.
Everyone Has 15 Seconds to Improve Patient Care!
Maria Dixon, M.S.N. || Faculty, Nursing
Recent archaeological research indicates that a large pictograph panel located along the Fresno River in California’s San Joaquin Valley was in use during the internment of several tribes at the Fresno Farm, one of California's first reservations. The pictograph is located at a village site near the center of the abandoned reservation. This project represents the completion of a study associated with the Hidden Reservoir Archaeological Project by the Madera County Research Group, which includes Biola faculty, students and alumni.
The Fresno Reservation Pictograph and the Mariposa War of 1850-1851
Paul Langenwalter, M.A. || Faculty, Archaeology and Anthropology
Liana Meeker || Biola Alumni, Anthropology
The inadvertent discovery of a prehistoric burial in Buena Park during March 2017 triggered a series of events culminating in the repatriation and reburial of an Ancestor by members of the Gabrielino (Tongva) Tribe. Part of the process when burials are discovered is to address the bioarchaeological problems regarding: 1) cultural context, 2) antiquity of the feature, 3) mortuary customs, and 4) biological identity (age, sex, stature, diet, pathologies, traumas and biological ancestry). Another part involves balancing the needs of the stakeholders impacted by the discovery. This project illustrates the complex nature of bioarchaeological research when the needs of a diverse group of stakeholders (tribe, archaeologists, the Christian community, police, coroner and a state agency) are involved, each needing to achieve different, but overlapping goals, while responding to traditional and modern Native American religious beliefs. This study verified the identification of the burial as that of a prehistoric Native American, and not of concern to the law enforcement community. After several weeks of study, the feature was reburied in a religious ceremony including elements of Gabrielino ritual and Christian burial custom.
From Crime Scene to Archaeology: When Archaeology Intersects with the Law and the Native American Community
Paul Langenwalter, M.A. || Faculty, Archaeology and Anthropology
Lauren Biltonen, Amber Blevins, Ric Price || Undergraduate Students, Anthropology
Aimee Montenegro || Biola Alumni, Anthropology
Amphibian populations worldwide are currently threatened by the disease Chytridiomycosis, the most devastating pathological threat recorded in history (Skerratt et al. 2007). This study aims to understand the environmental and chemical factors surrounding Eucalyptus and Bd infectivity in Southern California, to help understand how to optimize conservation efforts combatting the threat of this disease, and to create a model for applying these tests to any habitat where amphibian populations are afflicted by Chytridiomycosis.
Relationship between Eucalyptus sp. oils and the Infectivity of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and Its Impact on Local Amphibian Abundance and Biodiversity in Southern California
Andrew Louros || Undergraduate Student, Biological Science
Dr. Jessica Lu || Faculty, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering
China is the world’s largest market for English language study. The main reasons for the Chinese to learn English is for socioeconomic advancement as well as for students to eventually attain higher education in the United States. This paper collects current statistics on the EFL market in China, presents the Chinese government’s policy on religious practices, and contrasts Eastern and Western pedagogical differences. Furthermore, it examines biblical counsel on evangelism, and concludes by summarizing best practices from overseas Christian EFL educators.
Beyond EFL Teaching - Relating Biblical Truth to Students in China
Paul Lu || Graduate Student, Applied Linguistics
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of foam rolling on sprint performance and range of motion in recreational athletes. While no significant decreases in sprint times were found, foam rolling in individuals who need acute improvements in range of motion without subsequent decreases in performance may be advantageous.
The Effects of Foam Rolling on Maximal Sprint Performance and Range of Motion
Kelsey Miller, M.S. || Instructor, Kinesiology and Health Science
The way that missionaries manage their identities has changed significantly since the days they mailed out several printed newsletters a year to a small audience “back home.” The space for this negotiation of identity has moved from private to public; and the interlocutors who access these blogs, emails, and posts are no longer homogenous. Missionary updates are encoded along indexical “cultural scripts” that can be decoded idiosyncratically by various audiences. This original research study uses quantitative and qualitative methods to understand how missionaries avow the multiple layers of their identities in the digital age.
Managing Missionary Identity in the Digital Age: How Missionaries Utilize Digital Media among Multiple Social Groups
Dr. Ken Nehrbass || Faculty, Intercultural Studies
Ancient Israelites made sense of their life and the world around them as being part of a greater cosmos that was created and maintained by Yahweh. Sacred spaces that were used by the Israelites for ritual and worship to Yahweh reflected the same cosmological ideology. The design of Solomon’s temple is such an example. As a microcosm, the temple layout parallels that of the greater cosmos, and the function of the space allows for symbolic participation within. This research identifies parallels in cosmic symbolism between Ancient Israelite conceptions of cosmos, heaven, earth, and temple space. 
Temple and Cosmos: Cosmological Symbolism in Ancient Israel
Kayla Schramm || Graduate Student, Bible Exposition
The Ontological Argument is a very controversial argument in our quest for moving the needle of certainty towards God’s existence. This paper will explore the soundness of the ontological argument from the pre-philosophical axioms of communication. The goal is to show that within our epistemic prison, the ontological argument holds. The ontological argument is sound when seen through the lens of our pre-philosophical assumptions on the communication paradigm.
Semiotics and the Ontological Argument: An Exploration of the Existence of God from the Axioms of Communication
Julius Brian Uy || Graduate Student, Christian Apologetics
The power of an image lies in its ability to represent an event in such a way as to send implicit messages and contribute to particular narratives regarding that event. This research investigates the photographic representation by the Agence France-Presse (AFP) of Middle Eastern refugees seeking asylum in France. The objective is to determine how refugees were represented to audiences, and whether that depiction changed in the wake of the November 2015 Paris Suicide Bombings. Analysis shows that refugees were represented differently after the attacks, in a way that aligned more closely with French collectivism than before. 

Keywords: refugee, muslim, photojournalism, Paris, France, terrorist attacks
Analysis of Photographic Representation of Refugees in France
Anna Warner || Undergraduate Student, Journalism and Integrated Media
Dr. Tamara Welter || Faculty & Chair, Media, Journalism and Public Relations
The Edinburgh 1910 World Missionary Conference was the most famous missions conference in modern church history. A century later, five conferences on five continents displayed the landscape of global mission at the dawn of the third millennium: Tokyo 2010, Edinburgh 2010, Cape Town 2010, 2010Boston, and CLADE V (San José, 2012). These five events provide a window into the state of world Christianity and contemporary missiology. What emerges is a portrait of a contemporary global Christian mission that encompasses every continent, embodying good news for all nations.
Polycentric Missiology
Dr. Allen Yeh || Faculty, Intercultural Studies
Physical activity (PA) is decreasing, with the work environment being particularly influential on reduction in PA. However, physically active lifestyles meeting or exceeding 150 minutes/week have been linked to reductions in multiple deleterious chronic health conditions. Currently, very few research studies have evaluated PA among University faculty. Thus, the purpose of this exploratory investigation was to evaluate self-reported levels of PA among faculty members at Biola University. Faculty surveyed in this study exceeded the ACSM minimum weekly recommendations for PA and lower faculty ranks were the most active. 
University Physical Activity Inventory
Kristianna Altamirano, M.S. || Faculty, Kinesiology & Health Science
Dr. Brent M. Peterson, Kelsey Miller, M.S. , Dr. Jacob K. Gardner || Faculty & Instructor, Kinesiology and Health Science
Safe and accessible drinking-water is a major concern throughout many underdeveloped countries. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the maximum allowable fluoride concentration level is 1.5 mg of fluoride per liter (mg/L) in water. However, millions of people around the world consume water with fluoride concentrations well above this limit (>13mg/L). Our ultimate aim is to design, develop, and characterize an efficient, cost-effective, and eco-friendly method to remove fluoride and supply potable water for people with fluoride-contaminated water supplies.
Water Defluoridation Project
Marjorie M. Dingle, Hannah R. Panlilio || Undergraduate Students, Biochemistry 
Dr. Jessica Lu || Faculty, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering
Elaine Wong || Adjunct Faculty, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering, Biological Science
According to the Global Sustainable Investment Alliance (GSIA), there are now over $22.9 trillion dollars being professionally managed under socially responsible investment (SRI) strategies. The largest SRI strategy being practiced globally is known as negative screening (GSIA, 2016). When looking at how ethical negative screening is done today, what are the risk-adjusted return implications for Christian investors? One of the most difficult aspects of studying negative ethical screens is identifying appropriate screening criteria. This paper hopes to improve upon how well the screening criteria reflects that of the underlying investor group through using the for-profit Christian screening service, eVALUEeator. This is the first study to include a GLBTQ variable as a negative screen. This is also the first study to analyze sin portfolios by market capitalization.
How Negative Screening According to Christian Principles Influence Stock Returns
Shane Enete, M.S. || Faculty, Finance
Dr. Elizabeth Kiss
A common experience in the wake of severe trauma, especially in the symptoms of PTSD, is the shattering of worldview, involving an increasing negative view of the world, the loss in the belief of justice, increasing feelings that the world is unsafe, and a loss of belief in God Himself, especially in His benevolence and ability to rule. The third chapter of Job reflects not only intense mourning for his suffering, but a shattering of his world in the wake his own severe trauma. This reading of Job is significant as his experience of a shattered world provides a voice and journey that is representative of the trauma experience. The survivor of trauma is able to find a "fellow traveler" through a shattered world that affirms and provides voice to their journey. 
Job, Trauma, and Navigating a Shattered World
James Hampson || Staff, Director of Graduate Admissions
It is necessary for Vietnamese American pastors, Christian leaders, and parents to think about seeking opportunities for their high school students to explore Christian higher education, from which they might have exposure to seminary setting and the possibility to discover their spiritual gifts illumined by the Holy Spirit. This qualitative study was conducted with four family units from one of the largest Vietnamese Alliance Church in the United States. Most of the findings are in line with other research findings found in literature, except the following: The primary reason Vietnamese American Christian parents choose private institutions including Christian institutions for their children to attend college is to avoid risky environments that could have a negative impact on their children’s well-being, especially about their spirituality.
A Qualitative Study Exploring Factors Contributing to Christian Parents’ College Choice of Christian Institutions for Their College-Bound Children in Southern California.
Long Ho || Adjunct Faculty, Math and Computer Science & Student, Talbot Educational Studies
Horrendous evils have life-ruining power. Response to the problem of horrendous evils has mostly come in the form of philosophical theory and not so much in the form of practice. Philosopher Marilyn McCord Adams shows how God restores positive meaning to victims’ lives in the midst of horrendous evils. This project attempts to show how Adams’ meaning-making approach to horrendous evils provides a foundation for helpful practice. Discourse on meaning-making from the field of clinical psychology might provide insightful response to the existential threat of horrendous evils that both philosophical scholarship and victims of evil can benefit from.
Confronting Horrendous Evils: Meaning-Making as a Foundation for Coping Practice
Nicole Hodiny || Undergraduate Student, Communication Studies
Dr. Kent Dunnington || Faculty, Philosophy
The ancient site of El-Qanabiz, situated near the top of a hill northwest of the ruin of Tell et-Tell/Ai, was rediscovered during an archaeological survey in 2016. Following the survey of the site, plans were made to excavate during 2017 in order to further illuminate the history of the region and to test the hypothesis of whether or not the site was ancient Beth-Aven, a town adjacent to Ai and east of Bethel (Joshua 7:2, 18:12; 1 Samuel 13:5). The information demonstrates that El-Qanabiz fulfills the requirements of Beth-Aven in location, chronology, topography, and site type. Because no other known archaeological site matches in this manner, El-Qanabiz is by far the best and probably only candidate for ancient Beth-Aven.
Archaeology in Bible Lands
Dr. Titus Kennedy || Adjunct Faculty, Archaeology
This study explores the impact of self-perceived addiction to online Internet pornography use on shame. The aim of the current study is to test a model in which perceived addiction to pornography is a stronger predictor of internalized shame beyond pornography use alone. These findings have important implications in both clinical and research contexts, including the development of interventions for sexually-based addictions in both religious and non-religious populations. Future research is needed to further explore the relationship between problematic pornography use and perceived addiction on internal shame using more objective measures.
Addicted & Ashamed: How Pornography Affects Mental Health & Spirituality
Paul Larez || Graduate Student, Clinical Psychology
Dr. David Wang || Faculty, Psychology
Trauma, as a condition affecting journalists, their sources, and their audiences, is part of a growing research literature that encompasses many disciplines. This research examines the effects of trauma in the lives of working journalists and extrapolates that research into how trauma also affects students of journalism in the ongoing 21st century.
The Pain of Others: Trauma, Journalism and Self-Care
Dr. Michael Longinow || Faculty, Journalism
Free running is the preservation of motion as one expressively travels from point A to point B. question. Through my research, interview and experience, I discovered the beauty of the subculture and found answers to the following questions: Why free running?  What is the appeal of free running that makes people overlook the negative connotations?
Ethnography: Relating Free Running to Life
Gunnar Lopez || Undergraduate Student
In the summer of 2000, while participating in a prayer group which focused on the Joshua 2000 Project List, I became keenly interested in the country of Azerbaijan.  The Azerbaijan story of Vace II is of tremendous import, because he is an historic hero of the Caucasus. His tale holds contemporary value for its themes of persecution, apostasy and faith, and provides discussion of such outside the charged environment of Islamic presence.  
King of Aluen
Barbara Mancini || Graduate Student, Intercultural Studies
Inner city community members struggle to survive. Inner city children face enormous opposition that entrap them in a cycle of poverty and lack of overall success. Minorities in lower income neighborhoods are at a disadvantage and a constant negative reproduction of class which creates a generational effect of injustice due to poverty. 
Liberty and Justice for all?
Luisa Ortez || Undergraduate Student, Sociology
This study investigates the prevalence of homophilic relationships within Twitter communities. A Python framework was created which interfaced with Twitter’s data API to siphon information about certain users. Noticed by philosophers, studied by sociologists, and exhibited by online social networks, homophily provides the perfect opportunity for computer scientists to bring to bear their technical capabilities to study social phenomenon. The future is bright for research into online relationships. As computer scientists, we ought to be leading the way.
Insights into Political Homophily in Twitter Communities
Alexander Patton, William Strong || Undergraduate Students, Computer Science
Dr. Shieu-Hong Lin || Faculty, Mathematics and Computer Science
To examine the effects of a quasi-randomized, controlled aerobic and cognitive training intervention on cognitive function in cancer survivors (N = 28). Aerobic training alone had the greatest impact on cognitive function. Individually, these methods may appropriately address CRCI, but combined training of this nature may be too demanding for patients undergoing cancer treatments.
Effects of a Combined Aerobic and Cognitive Training Intervention on Cognitive Function in Cancer Survivors
Dr. Brent M. Peterson || Faculty, Kinesiology and Health Science
Chlorpyrifos is an organophosphate pesticide banned from residential use that causes developmental neurotoxicity (Slotkin et al. 2009) and inhibits the enzyme acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in synaptic junctions of the nervous system. However, it continues to be the most widely used pesticide in U.S. agriculture (Somolom et al. 2014). In this experiment, we will perform photolysis on thin-films of chlorpyrifos following exposure to different ultra-violet (UV) light sources and identify degradation products. We predict that there will be changes in the measured infrared (IR) spectrum due to decomposition of chlorpyrifos, formation of oxidation products, and cross-linkages between surface molecules that result in the formation of high-molecular weight, polymer-like molecules. 
Infrared Studies into the Photolytic Decomposition of Chlorpyrifos Thin-Films
Bryan Queme || Undergraduate Student, Biochemistry
Dr. Jessica Lu || Faculty, Chemistry, Physics and Engineering
One of Africa’s treasures is ethnic diversity. Urbanization, escalating migration trends, and cross-border education have increased the multicultural composition of university classrooms. Recent diversity studies in African universities revealed underlying tensions and stereotypes, but conceptual change theories underscore the benefit of elaboration and exchange of alternative perspectives that make multicultural discussion ideal for learning. This study contributes toward greater understanding of acculturative influences on multicultural small group discussion in Africa and highlights students’ aspirations for being included in discussion and having their contributions respected and engaged. Additionally, the study demonstrated multicultural students’ shared responsibility for co-constructing inclusion.
Multicultural Learning Groups in Africa: Development of Extended Inclusive Engagement of Alternative Ideas
Jane Rhoades || Graduate Student, Intercultural Education
This study explored the effect audio has on how individuals are impacted through understanding and connection with visuals. From data collected, through experimental process with individuals viewing series of images paired with or without audio, it was observed that video with visuals and audio showed higher percentages of interest, impactfulness and understanding than images without audio.
How Visual Meaning Can Be Impacted By Sound
Avery Robitaille || Undergraduate Student, Public Relations
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process that may drive cancer progression and metastasis, which is mediated by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signalling pathway. SEMA7A has been shown to play a role in EMT in mouse mammary tumor cells. However, the relationship between SEMA7A and EMT markers has not been explored in the context of human tumor cells. Our results indicate that SEMA7A expression is linked to the EMT process and TGF- β signalling. Consequently, therapies for breast cancer could potentially be developed to target these pathways in pre-cancerous and cancerous cells in order to improve prognosis, replacing chemotherapy drugs.
Investigating the Role of Semaphorin 7a in the Development of Invasive Breast Cancer Tumor Phenotypes
Chloe Stewart || Undergraduate Student, Biochemistry
Dr. Traci Lyons
(UC Denver Cancer Research Summer Fellowship)
In 2014, when Paramount Studios released its biblical epic, Noah, an outspoken minority of evangelicals celebrated the film’s use of Scripture despite the hostile reception and criticism of others within their ranks. Thus, this study asks how is it that some evangelicals negotiate these alternative interpretations of Scripture without viewing them as a threat? This study examined the phenomenon through the lens of social representation theory framing the debate as evidence of Serge Moscovici’s “thinking society.” The results reveal a dynamic negotiation within the movement shifting from a combative to a hospitable cultural engagement and from a literal to an incarnational interpretation of Scripture.
What is God Saying? Navigating Scriptural Interpretation on Social Media
Lisa Swain, M.A. || Faculty, Cinema and Media Arts
Throughout the semester, researchers have  studied Latin American countries. The content of the investigation will focus on the significance of language, culture and diversity in God’s plan for his creation; the geographic, historical, economic, social/religious, and political factors that have an impact on cultural perspectives, products and practices, including language use and styles of communication; the situational variables that shape communicative interaction and behavior in important ways; stereotypes and generalizations about the US and the target culture; the culturally-conditioned images and culture-specific connotations of language that are manifested in some words, phrases, proverbs, idiomatic formulations, gestures, symbols, etc. These presentations will present the findings of these extensive investigations and its significance to the student's journey in developing inter-cultural understanding.
Modern Languages Department
Undergraduate Students
Faculty Member: Dr. Julianne Bryant
Hannah Alcala || Colombia: A Comparative Study
Aly Archdale || Guatemala: A Comparative Study 
Andrew Bourgeois || La República Dominicana: A Comparative Study Matthew Chan || Mexico el Norte: A Comparative Study Mark Dalupan || Venezuela: A Comparative Study Alec DeRieux || Cuba: A Comparative Study Danita Estorga || Puerto Rico: A Comparative Study Dempsey Floria || Ecuador: A Comparative Study Alexandra Forest ||  Nicaragua: A Comparative Study Lance Gabelman || Colombia: A Comparative Study Zach Hall || El Salvador: A Comparative Study Grace Huffman || Puerto Rico: A Comparative Study Kimberly Krzewski || Cuba: A Comparative Study Brian Marcus || Costa Rica: A Comparative Study Mikayla Mariscal || Honduras: A Comparative Study Halie McGee || North Mexico: A Comparative Study
Anthony Munson || Panama: A Comparative Study Arthur Saldana || Central Mexico: A Comparative Study Olivia Seto || Mexico, El Sur: A Comparative Study Makayla Smith || Honduras: A Comparative Study Marisa Vasquez || Dominica Republic: A Comparative Study
One’s identity is a combination of many factors that work together to define a person, i.e. gender, ethnicity, religion, culture, language, etc. The self, a social actor who constructs identity through interaction with the social environment, then, is a combination of multiple identities (Turkle 180). This presentation explores the inter-related phenomena of language and identity in the networked lives of bilingual college students. Research questions addressed in this study are: 1) How do these bicultural/bilingual emerging adults utilize the Internet to negotiate their identities?, 2) How do they use language to negotiate these identities?, and 3) How do they incorporate their languages and cultures into a sense of who they are?"
Language and Identity in Bilingual Networked Communities
Melissa Moreno || Undergraduate Student, Anthropology