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Gender & health in Europe

published by SOPHIEproject

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Gender inequalities in health: a matter of policies
The European project SOPHIE has evaluated the relationship between the type of family policies and gender inequalities in health in Europe
Do gender policies have an effect on women's health and gender inequalities in health?
Residual policies with little support to families, which rely on women's unpaid work.
Traditional (Central)
Contradictory
Traditional (Southern)
Public policies enable women's labour force participation and promote an equal sharing of care tasks.
Dual-earner
Families' access to resources depends on the market. Notable gender inequalities in the labour market.
Market-oriented
Countries included in the study by family policy model
Supports women's participation in the labour force but maintains their major share of housework.
Presumes a secondary role of women in the labour force but has family support policies.
27%
13%
Women's higher probability of reporting poor health compared to men
8%
"Inequalities in poor self-rated health between women & men are largest in Traditional Southern countries"
5%
4%
HIGHEST gender inequalities
"The implementation of policies that promote equality between women and men could have an effect in reducing gender inequalities in health"
family care & work-life balance policies
equal opportunities in the workplace & pay equality
political representation
Policy recommendations