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Evaluating Sources: The CRAAP Test

published by Jenny Denen

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IS IT CRAAP?
The CRAAP Test helps you evaluate sources to determine whether or no they are appropriate for an academic assignment
C
urrency
When was the information published or posted? Has the information been revised or updated? Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well? If a web source, are the links functional?
R
elevance
Does the information relate to the topic or answer your question? Who is the intended audience? Is the information at an appropriate level (not too elementary or advanced for your needs?) Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining which one to use? Would you be comfortable citing this source for you assignment?
A
uthority
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor? What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations? Is the author qualified to write on the topic? Is there contact information, such as publisher or email address? If a web source, does the URL reveal anything about the author or source? (.org .edu .gov)
A
ccuracy
Where does the information come from? Is the information supported by evidence? Has the information been reviewed or refereed? Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion? Are there spelling, grammar or topological errors?
P
urpose
What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade? Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear? Is the information fact, opinion or propoganda? Does the point of view appear objective and impartial? Are there political, ideological, cultural, relgious, institutional or personal biases?
Adapted from: "Evaluating Information - Applying the CRAAP Test." Meriam Library, California State University Chico https://www.csuchico.edu/lins/handouts/eval_websites.pdf