1) See C.R.S. §§ 19-3-702(2), (3.7) (stating that the court is obligated to “consult” with any youth 12 or older in an “age appropriate manner” regarding his or her permanency plan).
2) See ELIZABETH WHITNEY BARNES ET AL., NAT'L COUNCIL OF JUVENILE AND FAMILY COURT JUDGES, SEEN, HEARD, AND ENGAGED: CHILDREN IN DEPENDENCY COURT HEARINGS (2012).
3) See AM. BAR ASS'N, STANDARDS OF PRACTICE FOR LAWYERS WHO REPRESENT CHILDREN IN ABUSE AND NEGLECT CASES, 11 (1996), available at http://www.americanbar.org/content/dam/aba/administrative/child_law/repstandwhole.authcheckdam.pdf.
4) Stakeholders included GALs, county attorneys, respondent parents’ counsel, CASA volunteers, judicial officers, caseworkers, and court staff.
5) See Andrea Khoury, Seen and Heard: Involving Children in Dependency Court, 25 CHILD L. PRAC. 145, 150 (2006).
7) See Jaclyn Jean Jenkins, Listen to Me! Empowering Youth and Courts through Increased Youth Participation in Dependency Hearings, 46 FAM. CT. REV 163, 168 (2008).
8) See Khoury, supra note 5, at 150.
9) Judy Cashmore, Children’s participation in family law decision-making: Theoretical approaches to understanding children’s views, CHILDREN AND YOUTH SERVS. REVIEW, Apr. 2011 at 515, 517.
10) See Jenkins, supra note 7, at 169.
11) Id. at 170.
13) Id. Direct contact between the court and child may have the added benefit of providing checks-and-balances to ensure that reported information accurately reflects the circumstances. Id. at 151.
14) CARES reports