Marzano's 6 Steps to Vocabulary Instruction

published by Reed Gillespie

Want to create a visual like this?

Get Started
How to teach vocabulary
Robert Marzano's Strategies
by Reed Gillespie
Teacher provides a description, explanation, and/or example
Provide a description
In their own words,
Students construct
students restate the description, explanation, or example
a picture, pictograph or symbolic representation of the word
allow students to interact with the words
Provide students with opportunities to discuss words with each other
Extend and Engage
with activities
Importance of Specific Vocabulary Instruction
Research shows a student in the 50th percentile in terms of ability to comprehend the subject matter with no direct vocabulary instruction will continue to score in the 50th percentile. That same student, with the benefit of specific content-area vocabulary instruction, will score in the 83rd percentile.
In step 1, provide a visual
In step 2, allow students to restate in their native language
Tips for ESL Students
In step 3, require students to create their own visual
In step 4, engage students in activities that help them add to their knowledge by allowing them to use their native language
In steps 5 and 6, pair students of same native language
Top Tips
Don't skip steps.
Students need to generate their own definitions.
Games don't need to be competitive. A good game is fun and non-threatening. After playing, have students reflect on their learning progress.
Step 3 is crucial. When done, well student learning soars.
Students looking up words is not a useful strategy.
Vocabulary Games
Flyswatter: Group students in teams and post sets of words on the board or walls. Read a definition, description or an example and 1 student from each team swats at the word. The winner is the first to swat the word. Students go to the end of the line and next student steps up. Taboo: You or your students can create cards with the words. List 3-5 words that can't be used to get others to guess the words. 1 student gives clues to teammates (again can't repeat the words on the card) until the word is guessed. You can also allow acting out.