The first mathematics can be traced to the ancient country of Babylon, during the third millennium B.C. Tables were the Babylonians most outstanding accomplishment which helped them in calculating problems.
The Babylonians began a numbering system about 5,000 years ago. It is one of the oldest numbering systems.
This numeration system was developed between 3000 and 2000 BCE.
The Babylonians divided the day into twenty-four hours, each hour into sixty minutes, and each minute to sixty seconds.
The Babylonian number system uses only two numerals or symbols, a one and a ten to represent numbers and they looked this these:
The Babylonians developed a form of writing based on cuneiform. Cuneiform means "wedge shape" in Latin.
This number system was a base 60 system, also known as sexigesimal.
Any number less than 10 had a wedge that pointed down.
The number 10 was symbolized by a wedge pointing to the left.
They wrote these symbols on wet clay tablets which were baked in the hot sun. Many thousands of these tablets are still around today. The Babylonians used a stylist to imprint the symbols on the clay since curved lines could not be drawn.
Babylonian tablets dating from about 1800 to 1600 BCE cover topics as varied as fractions, algebra, methods for solving linear, quadratic and even some cubic equations, and the calculation of regular reciprocal pairs (pairs of number which multiply together to give 60).
One of the Babylonian tablets, contains tables of Pythagorean triples for the equation a2 + b2 = c2.
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